As the summer heats up, pools become the go-to spot for families looking to cool off and have fun. However, while pools can offer a refreshing escape, they also come with significant risks. A recent study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicates that following decades of decline, drowning deaths are on the rise with more than 4,500 fatalities due to drowning between 2020-2022, more than 500 compared to 2019.  

This alarming trend highlights the importance of pool safety and the need for increased awareness and preventative measures. Factors contributing to this rise in drowning incidents may include a lack of proper supervision, inadequate safety measures, and lack of participation in or access to swim lessons. It is crucial for both pool owners and users to recognize these dangers and take proactive steps to mitigate them.

For parents and guardians, understanding the risks associated with swimming pools can help ensure the safety of their children. Ensuring constant supervision, teaching children how to swim from a young age, and educating them about water safety are essential steps in preventing accidents. Additionally, knowing how to perform CPR can be a lifesaving skill in emergency situations.

Pool owners on the other hand, have a responsibility to maintain a safe environment for their guests. This includes installing proper barriers, such as fencing with self-closing gates, maintaining the pool and its equipment, and providing clear safety instructions. Regularly checking chemical levels and ensuring the availability of safety equipment like life rings and first aid kits can also significantly reduce the risk of accidents.



Drowning is the most severe and tragic risks associated with swimming pools, particularly affecting young children. According to the CDC, drowning is the leading cause of unintentional injury-related death for children ages 1-4, and the second leading cause for children ages 5-14 (after motor vehicle accidents). The recent rise in drowning incidents further underscores the need for heightened awareness and preventive measures.

Understanding Drowning and Near-Drowning

Drowning is defined as respiratory impairment resulting from submersion or immersion in liquid. It can lead to death, severe brain damage, or long-term disabilities. Even a brief submersion can have serious consequences, making immediate rescue and medical attention critical.

Near-drowning refers to instances where an individual survives a drowning incident, often due to timely intervention. However, near-drowning can still result in severe health issues, including brain damage, respiratory problems, and other complications that require extensive medical treatment and rehabilitations.

Causes of Drowning and Near-Drowning

 a. Lack of Supervision

Inadequate supervision is the leading cause of drowning incidents. Young children can slip into the pool unnoticed, and even experienced swimmers can find themselves in trouble. Constant, attentive supervision is crucial, especially during gatherings or pool parties where distractions are common.

 b. Lack of Swimming Skills 

Many drowning incidents involve individuals who do not know how to swim or are weak swimmers. Enrolling children and even adults in swimming lessons can significantly reduce the risk of drowning.

 c. Unsecured Pools

Pools that are not properly fenced or covered pose a significant risk, particularly to young children who may wander into the area unsupervised. Installing barriers, such as four-sided fencing with self-closing and self-latching gates, can prevent unauthorized access and reduce the risk of accidental drowning.

 d. Lack of Life Jackets 

Life jackets are essential for individuals who are not strong swimmers or for children in and around water. Using appropriate flotation devices can provide an additional layer of safety.

Preventive Measures

 a. Active Supervision 

Always designate a responsible adult to supervise children in and around the pool. This person should avoid distractions, such as drinking alcohol, using a phone, or engaging in prolonged conversations, to ensure they can react quickly in case of an emergency.

 b. Swimming Lessons 

Enroll children and non-swimming adults in swimming lessons to build their confidence and skills in the water. Many community centers and organizations offer affordable swimming classes tailored to different age groups and skill levels.

 c. Install Barriers

Ensure that pools are surrounded by a fence that is at least four feet high and equipped with self-closing and self-latching gates. Pool covers and alarms can also provide additional layers of protection.

 d. Use Life Jackets

Provide life jackets for children and weak swimmers, especially when around natural bodies of water or in large pools. Ensure that the life jackets are Coast Guard-approved and properly fitted.

 e. Learn CPR

Take a CPR class to learn how to respond effectively in case of a drowning incident. Immediate CPR can make a significant difference in the outcome of a near-drowning situation.

 f. Emergency Preparedness 

Keep a phone nearby to call emergency services if needed. Have a first aid kit, life rings, and reaching poles accessible, and ensure everyone knows their locations and how to use them.

Drowning and near-drowning incidents are preventable tragedies that can have lasting impacts on individuals and families. By understanding the causes and implementing effective preventative measures, we can significantly reduce the risk and ensure that our time in the pool remains safe and enjoyable. Whether you are a parent, guardian, or pool owner, taking proactive steps to enhance water safety is essential in protecting lives and preventing accidents.


Slip and fall accidents around swimming pools are a common serious concern, often leading to injuries that range from minor scrapes and bruises to severe fractures, sprains, and even head trauma. The combination of wet surfaces, playful activity, and sometimes uneven or damaged pool decks makes these accidents all too frequent. Understanding the causes and implementing preventive measures can help mitigate these risks.

Causes of Slip and Fall Accidents

 a. Wet and Slippery Surfaces

Pool decks and surrounding areas are constantly exposed to water, creating slippery surfaces that can easily lead to falls. Materials like smooth tiles or concrete, which become extremely slick when wet, are particularly hazardous.

 b. Inadequate Footwear

Walking barefoot or wearing inappropriate footwear like flip-flops can increase the likelihood of slipping. Footwear lacking proper grip can make it difficult to maintain balance on wet surfaces.

 c. Running Around the Pool 

Children and even adults often run around pool areas, forgetting the dangers posed by slippery surfaces. Running increases the chances of losing balance and falling.

 d. Clutter and Obstacles

Pool toys, equipment, and other objects left around the pool area can become tripping hazards. Cluttered pool decks can make it difficult to navigate safely, especially in crowded settings.

 e. Poor Lighting

Inadequate lighting around the pool area, particularly during evening swims or pool parties, can obscure hazards and increase the risk of trips and falls.

 f. Uneven or Damaged Surfaces

Cracks, uneven tiles, or deteriorated surfaces on the pool deck can create tripping hazards. These conditions are often overlooked during routine maintenance.

Preventive Measures

 a. Non-Slip Surfaces

Install non-slip materials on the pool deck and surrounding areas. There are various options available, including textured tiles, rubber mats, and non-slip coatings that provide better traction even when wet.

 b. Proper Footwear

Encourage the use of water shoes or sandals with good grip that are specifically designed for use in wet environments. Proper footwear can significantly reduce the risk of slipping.

 c. No Running Rules

Implement and enforce a strict “no running” policy around the pool. Use clear signage to remind swimmers and guests of this rule. Additionally, educating children about the importance of walking slowly in the pool area can help prevent accidents.

 d. Maintain a Clutter-Free Environment 

Keep the pool area tidy by storing toys, floats, and equipment away from the walkways when not in use. This reduces tripping hazards and makes the area safer for everyone.

 e. Adequate Lighting

Ensure that the pool area is well-lit, especially if the pool is used during the evening or at night. Install sufficient lighting around the pool deck, walkways, and entrances to enhance visibility.

 f. Regular Maintenance 

Conduct regular inspections and maintenance of the pool deck and surrounding areas. Repair any cracks, uneven tiles, or deteriorated surfaces promptly to prevent accidents.

 g. Safety Education

Educate swimmers and guests about pool safety, emphasizing the importance of being cautious and aware of their surroundings. This can include tips on how to walk safely on wet surfaces and the importance of avoiding running.

 h. Use of Handrails

Install handrails along pool steps and other areas where extra support may be needed. Handrails provide stability and can help prevent falls, especially for children, elderly individuals, and those with mobility issues.

Slip and fall accidents around swimming pools are a preventable yet prevalent risk. By understanding the causes and implementing effective preventive measures, pool owners can create a safer environment for everyone. Parents and guardians can also play a crucial role in educating children about pool safety and ensuring they follow rules designed to prevent accidents. Together, we can enjoy the summer months and our time by the pool while minimizing the risk of injuries.


Swimming pools require a variety of chemicals to maintain clean and safe water conditions. These chemicals, while essential for proper pool maintenance, can pose significant health risks if not handled correctly. Chemical exposure in swimming pools can lead to a range of injuries and health issues, including mild skin irritations to severe respiratory problems. Understanding these risks and implementing safety measures is crucial for both pool users and owners.

Common Chemicals in Pools

 a. Chlorine

Chlorine is the most widely used pool disinfectant. It helps kill bacteria and prevent algae growth. However, high levels of chlorine can cause skin and eye irritation, respiratory issues, and allergic reactions.

 b. Bromine 

Bromine is an alternative to chlorine, often used in hot tubs and indoor pools. While less irritating to the skin and eyes compared to chlorine, bromine can still cause similar health issues at high concentrations.

 c. pH Adjusters

Chemicals such as muriatic acid and soda ash are used to maintain the pool’s pH balance. Imbalanced pH levels can lead to skin and eye irritation and reduce the effectiveness of chlorine.

 d. Algaecides

Algaecides are used to control algae growth in pools. Overuse or improper handling can cause skin irritation and respiratory problems.

 e. Cyanuric Acid

Cyanuric Acid is used to stabilize chlorine, preventing it from being degraded by sunlight. Excessive levels can reduce chlorine’s effectiveness and increase the risk of skin and eye irritation.

Causes of Chemical Exposure

 a. Improper Handling and Storage

Mishandling pool chemicals or storing them improperly can lead to accidental spills, leaks, or dangerous reactions. Chemicals should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and incompatible substances.

 b. Overuse or Misuse of Chemicals 

Using too much of a chemical or mixing incompatible chemicals can result in harmful fumes or skin contact. It’s important to follow manufacturer instructions and guidelines for safe use.

 c. Inadequate Ventilation 

Poor ventilation, especially in indoor pools, can lead to the buildup of chemical fumes. These fumes can cause respiratory issues and exacerbate conditions like asthma.

 d. Failure to Monitor Chemical Levels

Not regularly testing and adjusting chemical levels can result in unsafe swimming conditions. Both high and low chemical concentrations can pose health risks.

 e. Accidental Ingestion or Contact

Children are particularly at risk of accidental ingestion or contact with pool chemicals. Proper supervision and keeping chemicals out of reach are essential preventive measures.

Health Effects of Chemical Exposure

 a. Skin and Eye Irritation

Red, itchy skin and burning eyes are common symptoms of chemical exposure. These symptoms can be immediate or develop over time with prolonged exposure.

 b. Respiratory Issues

Inhaling chemical fumes can cause coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Individuals with pre-existing respiratory conditions, such as asthma, are at higher risk.

 c. Chemical Burns

Direct contact with concentrated chemicals can cause chemical burns, which are painful and can lead to long-term damage.

 d. Allergic Reactions

Some individuals may develop allergic reactions to certain pool chemicals, resulting in rashes, hives, and other symptoms.

 e. Gastrointestinal Problems

Accidental ingestion of pool water with high chemical concentrations can cause nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

Preventive Measures

 a. Proper Chemical Handling

Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions for handling pool chemicals. Use appropriate personal protective equipment, such as gloves and goggles, when handling these substances.

 b. Regular Testing and Monitoring

Test the pool water regularly to ensure chemical levels are within safe ranges. Use reliable testing kits and adjust chemical levels as needed.

 c. Adequate Ventilation

Ensure that indoor pool areas are well-ventilated to prevent the buildup of harmful fumes. Install exhaust fans and keep windows open when possible.

 d. Safe Storage

Store pool chemicals in a secure, cool, and dry location, away from direct sunlight and incompatible substances. Keep chemicals out of reach of children and pets.

 e. Clear Instructions and Training

Provide clear instructions and training for anyone responsible for pool maintenance. This includes understanding the risks of each chemical and how to handle emergencies.

 f. Use Alternative Disinfection Methods

Consider using alternative disinfection methods, such as saltwater chlorination or UV systems, which can reduce the reliance on traditional pool chemicals.

Chemical exposure in swimming pools is a serious risk that requires careful management and preventive measures. By understanding the causes and health effects of chemical exposure, both pool users and owners can take proactive steps to ensure a safe swimming environment. Proper handling, storage, and monitoring of pool chemicals, combined with clear safety instructions and adequate supervision, can significantly reduce the risk of chemical-related injuries.


Defective pool equipment is a significant hazard that can lead to severe injuries or even fatalities. Whether it’s a malfunctioning drain, broken pool ladder, or faulty electrical system, the risks associated with defective equipment are high. Understanding these dangers and taking preventive measures can help ensure a safe swimming environment for everyone.

Common Types of Defective Pool Equipment

 a. Pool Drains

Malfunctioning or improperly maintained pool drains can create strong suction that can trap swimmers, especially children, underwater. This phenomenon, known as entrapment, can lead to drowning or severe injuries.

 b. Pool Ladders and Steps

Broken or unstable ladders and steps can cause slip and fall accidents, leading to fractures, sprains, and other injuries. Rusted or corroded parts can also pose cutting hazards.

 c. Diving Boards and Slides

Defective diving boards and slides can break or collapse, causing falls and impact injuries. Poorly installed or maintained equipment increases these risks.

 d. Pumps and Filters

Malfunctioning pumps and filters can lead to inadequate water circulation and filtration, resulting in dirty or chemically imbalanced water. This can cause skin and eye irritation, respiratory issues, and infections.

 e. Heaters

Faulty pool heaters can cause burns or expose swimmers to toxic fumes like carbon monoxide. Inadequate temperature regulation can also create uncomfortable or dangerous swimming conditions.

 f. Electrical Systems

Defective wiring, broken lights, and other electrical issues can lead to electric shocks or electrocution. Pools require proper grounding and regular inspection to ensure electrical safety.

 g. Automatic Pool Covers

Automatic pool covers that don’t operate correctly can trap swimmers underneath or fail to provide the intended safety benefits. Malfunctions can lead to entrapment or falls.

Causes of Defective Pool Equipment

 a. Poor Installation

Incorrect installation of pool equipment can result in immediate or eventual malfunctions. It’s essential to use qualified professionals for all pool equipment installations.

 b. Lack of Maintenance

Regular maintenance is crucial for keeping pool equipment in good working order. Neglecting maintenance can lead to wear and tear, increasing the risk of equipment failure.

 c. Manufacturing Defects

Sometimes, equipment is defective right from the manufacturer due to design flaws or quality control issues. These defects may not be immediately apparent but can cause significant hazards overtime.

 d. Aging Equipment

Pool equipment has a limited lifespan. As equipment ages, its components can degrade, leading to failures and safety risks.

 e. Improper Use

Using pool equipment in ways it was not intended can cause damage and increase the risk of malfunctions. It’s important to follow the manufacture’s guidelines for proper use.

Preventive Measures

 a. Regular Inspections

Conduct regular inspections of all pool equipment to identify and address any potential issues. This includes checking for wear and tear, rust, and other signs of damage.

 b. Routine Maintenance

Follow a regular maintenance schedule for all pool equipment. This includes cleaning, lubrication, part replacements, and professional servicing as needed.

 c. Professional Installation

Ensure that all pool equipment is installed by qualified professionals how follow industry standards and manufacturer instructions.

 d. Upgrading Equipment

Replace old or outdated equipment with newer, safer models. Advances in technology often include enhanced safety features that can reduce risks.

 e. Safety Covers and Barriers

Use safety covers and barriers to prevent accidental falls and unauthorized access to pool equipment. This is especially important for items like pool drains and electrical components.

 f. Educate Users

Educate all pool users about the proper use of pool equipment and the importance of reporting any malfunctions or damages immediately.

Defective pool equipment poses significant risks to swimmers, leading to potential injuries and fatalities. By understanding the types of defective equipment, their causes, and preventive measures, pool owners and users can create a safer swimming environment. Regular inspections, proper maintenance, and professional installation are critical components of pool safety. Enjoying a safe and well-maintained pool allows everyone to benefit from the fun and relaxation that swimming offers.


Inadequate supervision around swimming pools is a leading cause of accidents and injuries, particularly among children. Effective supervision is essential to ensure the safety of all swimmers and to prevent drowning, slip and fall incidents, and other pool related injuries. Understanding the importance of vigilant supervision and implementing best practices can significantly reduce the risk of accidents.

Best Practices for Effective Supervision

 a. Designate a Water Watcher

Always have a responsible adult designated as the “water watcher” who is solely responsible for focusing on the swimmers. This person should not drink alcohol or be distracted by phones, conversations, or other activities. If the pool is in use for an extended period, rotate the designated supervisor every 15-30 minutes to ensure they remain alert and attentive.

Never leave children unattended in or near the pool, even for a moment. Accidents can happen quickly, and constant supervision is key to preventing them.

 b. Maintain a Clear View

Supervisors should position themselves where they have a clear, unobstructed view of the entire pool area. Avoid sitting in areas with visual obstructions or distractions.

 c. Learn CPR and Rescue Techniques

All water watchers should be trained in CPR and basic water rescue techniques. Immediate response can be crucial in preventing drowning and other emergencies.

 d. Establish Pool Rules

Set clear pool rules and ensure all swimmers understand and follow them. Common rules include no running, no diving in shallow areas, and no rough play.

 e. Use Barriers and Alarms

Install barriers such as fences with self-closing gates around the pool to prevent unsupervised access. Pool alarms can also alert supervisors if someone enters the pool unexpectedly.

 f. Keep Safety Equipment Available

Ensure that safety equipment such as life rings, reaching poles, and first aid kits are easily accessible and in good condition. Water watchers should know the location and proper use of this equipment.

Inadequate supervision in and around swimming pools is a major contributor to accidents and injuries. Effective supervision requires constant vigilance, clear communication, and proper training. By implementing best practices for supervision, establishing clear pool rules, and being prepared for emergencies, pool owners and water watchers can create as safer swimming environment for everyone. Preventing accidents before they happen is always the best strategy, and with attentive supervision, the risks associated with swimming pools can be significantly minimized.


Pool injuries can result in complex legal situations, especially when negligence is involved. Property owners, pool operators, and even manufacturers of pool equipment can face legal liability if their actions or inactions contribute to an injury. Understanding the legal consequences of pool injuries is crucial for both victims and pool owners to navigate potential legal claims and liability issues effectively.

Types of Legal Claims

1. Premises Liability

Property owners are generally responsible for ensuring their premises, including pools, are safe for visitors. If a pool injury occurs due to unsafe conditions, such as slippery surfaces, poor maintenance, or inadequate safety measures, the property owner could be held liable under premises liability law.

2. Negligence

This claim arises when someone fails to act with reasonable care, resulting in injury to another. In the context of pool injuries, this could involve inadequate supervision, failing to maintain equipment, or not adhering to safety regulations. Proving negligence requires showing that the responsible party had a duty of care, breached that duty, and caused injury as a result.

3. Product Liability

Manufacturers and distributors of pool equipment can be held liable if a defect in their product causes injury. Product liability claims may involve design defects, manufacturing defects, or failure to provide adequate warnings or instructions.

4. Attractive Nuisance

This legal concept applies when children are injured by a hazardous condition on a property, such as a pool. Property owners can be held liable if they fail to take reasonable steps to prevent access or to warn of the dangers, particularly if the hazard is likely to attract children.

5. Wrongful Death

In tragic circumstances where a pool injury results in death, the deceased’s family may file a wrongful death lawsuit against those responsible. Compensation can include funeral expenses, loss of companionship, and the deceased’s future earnings.

The legal consequences of pool injuries can be significant and multifaceted. Understanding the types of legal claims that can arise helps injured parties seek justice and compensation, while also enabling pool owners to better manage their legal risks. Proactive safety measures and prompt legal action when injuries occur are essential to addressing the challenges that arise from pool-related accidents. If you or someone you know has been involved in a pool injury, consulting with a personal injury lawyer is a critical step in navigating the legal process effectively.


Experiencing a pool injury can be a traumatic event, and knowing how to respond promptly and effectively can make a significant difference in the outcome. Whether the injury is minor or severe, taking the right steps can ensure proper medical care and legal protection.

1. Ensure Immediate Safety

Remove the Injured Person from the Water: If the injury occurs in the water, carefully remove the injured person from the pool to prevent further harm or risk of drowning.

Check for Immediate Danger: Ensure that the area is safe from additional hazards, such as electrical equipment or slippery surfaces, to prevent further injuries.

2. Assess the Injury

Perform a Quick Assessment: Determine the severity of the injury by checking for signs of bleeding, broken bones, difficulty breathing, or unconsciousness. 

Call for Help: If the injury appears serious, call 911 or emergency services immediately. Provide clear information about the nature of the injury and the location.

3. Administer First Aid

Cuts and Scrapes: Clean the wound with water and apply an antiseptic. Cover with a sterile bandage to prevent infection.

Bruises and Sprains: Apply ice to reduce swelling and elevate the injured area if possible.

Not Breathing/No Pulse: If the injured person is not breathing or has no pulse, perform CPR until emergency services arrive.

Bleeding: Apply pressure to any bleeding wounds with a clean cloth to control blood loss.

Fractures: Avoid moving the injured person if you suspect broken bones or a neck/spine injury. Keep them as still as possible until emergency services arrive.

4. Gather Information and Evidence

Document the Scene: Take photos or videos of the accident scene, including the pool area, any visible hazards, and the specific location where the injury occurred.

Collect Witness Statements: If there are witnesses, gather their contact information and ask them provide statements about what they saw.

Record Details: Write down detailed notes about the incident, including time, date, weather conditions, and any other relevant information.

 5. Notify Authorities and Pool Management

Report the Incident: Inform the pool owner, manager, or lifeguard on duty about the injury. Ensure that an official incident report is filed.

Provide Information: Give a clear account of what happened and any contributing factors, such as defective equipment or lack of supervision.

6. Seek Medical Attention

Seek Medical Treatment: Even if the injury seems minor, its essential to seek professional medical evaluation to rule out any underlying issues.

Follow Medical Advice: Adhere to the prescribed treatment plan, attend follow-up appointments, and monitor for any complications or delayed symptoms.

7. Consult with a Personal Injury Lawyer

Understand Your Rights: If the injury resulted from negligence or unsafe conditions, consulting with a personal injury lawyer can help you understand your legal rights and options.

Gather Necessary Documents: Provide your lawyer with all relevant documentation, including medical records, incident reports, and evidence gathered from the scene.

Pursue Compensation: A personal injury lawyer can assist in pursuing compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other damages. 

While pools provide much-needed relief and enjoyment during the hot summer months, they also pose significant risks. Understanding these risks and knowing the legal steps to take after an injury can help protect you and your loved ones. If you or your child has been injured in a pool accident, don’t hesitate to seek legal advice. Ensuring that responsible parties are held accountable can provide the compensation needed for recovery and help prevent future incidents.

I hope you never have the need for a personal injury lawyer, but if you do, I look forward to meeting you!

- Crystal 


Injured? Don't Wait! Get the Compensation You Deserve.

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Call us today at (360) 334-5157 or (509) 955-4710 for a free, no-obligation consultation. Let us take the burden off your shoulders so you can focus on healing. Remember, you pay no fees unless we win your case!

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